With a civilization of over 5,000 years, Xuzhou was built 2,600 years ago and is one of the most ancient cities in China. Xuzhou was one of the nine states of the country over 3,000 years ago.
As a city of Han Dynasty Culture, Xuzhou was the hometown of Liu Bang (256-195BC), the first emperor of Western Han Dynasty. The Han Dynasty was divided into Eastern Han and Western Han periods (206BC-189AD) lasting for over 400 years. During which the local kings in Xuzhou left numerous historical heritages, including Han clay figurines, Han stone relief carvings and Han Tombs, which are called "Three Wonders of the Han Dynasty". They are representatives of the Chinese Han culture.